1. They prepared for him a lordly chamber,
2 . Before his fathers as prince he took his place.
3. "Thou art chiefest among the great gods,
4. "Thy fate is unequalled, thy word is Anu!
5. "O Marduk, thou art chiefest among the great gods,
6. "Thy fate is unequalled, thy word is Anu!
7. "Henceforth not without avail shall be thy command,
8. "In thy power shall it be to exalt and to abase.
9. "Established shall be the word of thy mouth, irresistible shall be thy command;
10. "None among the gods shall transgress thy boundary.
11. "Abundance, the desire of the shrines of the gods,
12. "Shall be established in thy sanctuary, even though they lack (offerings).
13. "O Marduk, thou art our avenger!
14. "We give thee sovereignty over the whole world.
15. "Sit thou down in night, be exalted in thy command.
16. "Thy weapon shall never lose its power, it shall crush thy foe.
17. "O lord, spare the life of him that putteth his trust in thee,
18. "But as for the god who began the rebellion, pour out his life."
19. Then set they in their midst a garment,
20. And unto Marduk their first-born they spake:
21. "May thy fate, O lord, be supreme among the gods,
22. "To destroy and to create; speak thou the word, and (thy command) shall be fulfilled.
23. "Command now and let the garment vanish;
24. "And speak the word again and let the garment reappear!"
25. Then he spake with his mouth, and the garment vanished;
26. Again he commanded it, and the garment reappeared.
27. When the gods, his fathers, beheld (the fulfilment of) his word,
28. They rejoiced, and they did homage (unto him, saying), " Marduk is king! "
29. They bestowed upon him the sceptre, and the throne, and the ring,
30. They give him an invincible weapon, which overwhelmeth the foe.
31. "Go, and cut off the life of Tiamat,
32. "And let the wind carry her blood into secret places."
33. After the gods his fathers had decreed for the lord his fate,
34. They caused him to set out on a path of prosperity and success.
35 . He made ready the bow, he chose his weapon,
36. He slung a spear upon him and fastened it . . .
37. He raised the club, in his right hand he grasped (it),
38. The bow and the quiver he hung at his side.
39. He set the lightning in front of him,
40. With burning flame he filled his body.
41. He made a net to enclose the inward parts of Tiamat,
42. The four winds he stationed so that nothing of her might escape;
43. The South wind and the North wind and the East wind and the West wind
44. He brought near to the net, the gift of his father Anu.
45. He created the evil wind, and the tempest, and the hurricane,
46. And the fourfold wind, and the sevenfold wind, and the whirlwind, and the wind which had no equal;
47. He sent forth the winds which he had created, the seven of them;
48. T o disturb the inward parts of Tiamat, they followed after him.
49. Then the lord raised the thunderbolt, his mighty weapon,
50. He mounted the chariot, the storm unequalled for terror,
51. He harnessed and yoked unto it four horses,
52. Destructive, ferocious, overwhelming, and swift of pace;
53. [...] were their teeth, they were flecked with foam;
54. They were skilled in [...], they had been trained to trample underfoot.
55. [...], mighty in battle,
56. Left and [right ...
57. His garment was [...], he was clothed with terror,
58. With overpowering brightness his head was crowned.
59. Then he set out, he took his way,
60. And towards the [rag]ing Tiamat he set his face.
61. On his lips he held [...],
62. ... [...] he grasped in his hand.
63. Then they beheld him, the gods beheld him,
64. The gods his fathers beheld him, the gods beheld him.
65. And the lord drew nigh, he gazed upon the inward parts of Tiamat,
66. He perceived the muttering of Kingu, her spouse.
67. As (Marduk) gazed, (Kingu) was troubled in his gait,
68. His will was destroyed and his motions ceased.
69. And the gods, his helpers, who marched by his side,
70. Beheld their leader's [...], and their sight was troubled.
71. But Tiamat [...], she turned not her neck,
72. With lips that failed not she uttered rebellious words:
73. "[...] thy coming as lord of the gods,
74. "From their places have they gathered, in thy place are they!"
75. Then the lord [raised] the thunderbolt, his mighty weapon,
76. [And against] Tiamat, who was raging, thus he sent (the word):
77. "[Thou] art become great, thou hast exalted thyself on high,
78. "And thy [heart hath prompted] thee to call to battle.
79. "[...] their fathers [...],
80. "[...] their [...] thou hatest [...].
81. "[Thou hast exalted King]u to be [thy] spouse,
82. "[Thou hast . . . ] him, that, even as Anu, he should issue decrees.
83. "[...] thou hast followed after evil,
84. "And [against] the .gods my fathers thou hast contrived thy wicked plan.
85. "Let then thy host be equipped, let thy weapons be girded on!
86. "Stand! I and thou, let us join battle!"
87. When Tiamat heard these words,
88. She was like one possessed, she lost her reason.
89. Tiamat uttered wild, piercing cries,
90. She trembled and shook to her very foundations.
91. She recited an incantation, she pronounced her spell,
92. And the gods of the battle cried out for their weapons.
93. Then advanced Tiamat and Marduk, the counsellor of the gods;
94. To the fight they came on, to the battle they drew nigh.
95. The lord spread out his net and caught her,
96. And the evil wind that was behind (him) he let loose in her face.
97. As Tiamat opened her mouth to its full extent,
98. He drove in the evil wind, while as yet she had not shut her lips.
99. The terrible winds filled her belly,
100. And her courage was taken from her, and her mouth she opened wide.
101. He seized the spear and burst her belly,
102. He severed her inward parts, he pierced (her) heart.
103. He overcame her and cut off her life;
104. He cast down her body and stood upon it.
105. When he had slain Tiamat, the leader,
106. Her might was broken, her host was scattered.
107. And the gods her helpers, who marched by her side,
108. Trembled, and were afraid, and turned back.
109. They took to flight to save their lives;
110. But they were surrounded, so that they could not escape.
111. He took them captive, he broke their weapons;
112. In the net they were caught and in the snare they sat down.
113. The [...] ... of the world they filled with cries of grief.
114. They received punishment from him, they were held in bondage.
115. And on the eleven creatures which she had filled with the power of striking terror,
116. Upon the troop of devils, who marched at her [...],
117. He brought affliction, their strength [he ...];
118. Them and their opposition he trampled under his feet.
119. Moreover, Kingu, who had been exalted over them,
120. He conquered, and with the god Dug-ga he counted him.
121. He took from him the Tablets of Destiny that were not rightly his,
122. He sealed them with a seal and in his own breast he laid them.
123. Now after the hero Marduk had conquered and cast down his enemies,
124. And had made the arrogant foe even like ...,
125. And had fully established Anshar's triumph over the enemy,
126. And had attained the purpose of Nudimmud,
127. Over the captive gods he strengthened his durance,
128. And unto Tiamat, whom he had conquered, he returned.
129. And the lord stood upon Tiamat's hinder parts,
130. And with his merciless club he smashed her skull.
131. He cut through the channels of her blood,
132. And he made the North wind bear it away into secret places.
133. His fathers beheld, and they rejoiced and were glad;
134. Presents and gifts they brought unto him.
135. Then the lord rested, gazing upon her dead body,
136. While he divided the flesh of the ..., and devised a cunning plan.
137. He split her up like a flat fish into two halves;
138. One half of her he stablished as a covering for heaven.
139. He fixed a bolt, he stationed a watchman,
140. And bade them not to let her waters come forth.
141. He passed through the heavens, he surveyed the regions (thereof),
142. And over against the Deep he set the dwelling of Nudimmud.
143. And the lord measured the structure of the Deep,
144. And he founded E-shara, a mansion like unto it.
145. The mansion E-shara which he created as heaven,
146. He caused Anu, Bêl, and Ea in their districts to inhabit.
- They erected for him a ample throne.
- Facing his fathers, he sat down, presiding.
- “You are the most honored of the great gods,
- Your decree is unrivaled, your command is Anu
- You, Marduk are the most honored of the great gods,
- Your decree is unrivaled, your word is Anu.
- From this day unchangeable shall be your pronouncement.
- To raise or bring low—these shall be in your hand.
- Your utterance shall be true, your command shall be unimpeachable.
- No one among the gods shall transgress your bounds!
- Adornment being wanted for the seats of the gods,
- Let the place of their shrines ever be in your place.
- O Marduk, you are indeed our avenger.
- We have granted you kingship over the entire universe.
- Your word shall be supreme when you sit in assembly.
- Your weapons shall not fail; they shall smash your foes!
- O lord, spare the life of him who trusts you,
- But pour out the life of the god who seized evil.”
- Having placed in their midst a piece of cloth,
- They addressed themselves to Marduk, their first-born
- “Lord, truly your decree is first among gods.
- Say but to wreck or create; it shall be.
- Open your mouth; the cloth will vanish!
- Speak again, and the cloth shall be whole!”
- At the word emerged from his mouth the cloth vanished.
- He spoke again, his fathers, saw the outcome of his word,
- When the gods, his fathers, saw the outcome of his word,
- Joyfully they paid homage: “Marduk is king!”
- They conferred on him scepter, throne, and vestment;
- They gave him unequaled weapons that ward off the foes:
- “Go and terminate the life of Tiamat.
- May the winds bear her blood to places undisclosed.”
- Marduk’s destiny thus fixed, the gods, his fathers,
- Caused him to go the way of success and achievement.
- He constructed a bow, marked it as his weapon,
- Attached thereto the arrow, grasped it in his right hand;
- He raised the mace, grasped it in his right hand;
- He hung bow and quiver at his side.
- In front of him he sat the lightening,
- He filled his body with blazing flame.
- He then made a net to enfold Tiamat,
- He stationed the four winds that nothing of her might escape,
- The South Wind, the North Wind, the East Wind, the West Wind.
- Close to his side he held the net, the gift of his father, Anu.
- He brought forth Imhullu “the Evil Wind,” the Whirlwind, the Hurricane,
- The Fourfold Wind, the Sevenfold Wind, the Cyclone, the Matchless Wind;
- Then he sent forth the seven winds he had brought forth.
- To sir up the inside of Tiamat they rose up behind him.
- Then the lord raised up the flood-storm, his mighty weapon.
- He mounted the storm-chariot irresistible and terrifying.
- He harnessed and yoked to it a team-of-four,
- The Killer, the Relentless, the Trampler, the Swift.
- Sharp were their poison bearing teeth.
- They were versed in ravage, skilled in destruction.
- On his right he posted the Smiter, fearsome in battle,
- On the left the Combat, which repels all the zealous.
- His cloak was an armor of terror,
- His head was turbaned with his fearsome halo.
- The lord went forth and followed his course,
- He set his face Towards the raging Tiamat.
- He held a spell between his lips;
- A plant to put out poison was grasped in his hand.
- Then they milled about him, the gods milled about him,
- The gods, his fathers, milled about him, the gods milled about him.
- The lord approached to scan the inside of Tiamat,
- (And) of Kingu, her consort, the scheme to perceive.
- As Marduk looks on, Kingu’s course becomes upset,
- His will is distracted and his maneuvers are confused.
- And when the gods, his helpers, who marched at his side,
- Saw the valiant hero, blurred became their vision.
- Without turning her neck, Tiamat emitted a cry,
- Molding savage defiance in her lips:
- “Too important are you for the lord of the gods to rise up against you!
- Is it in their place that they have gathered, or in your place?”
- Thereupon the lord raised his mighty weapon, the flood storm,
- And to enraged Tiamat he spoke the following words:
- “Why have you risen, why have you arrogantly exalted?
- You have charged your own heart to stir up conflict,
- [. . .] sons reject their own fathers,
- While you, who have born them, has foresworn love!
- You have appointed Kingu as your consort,
- Conferring upon him the rank of Anu, not rightfully his,
- Against Anshar, king of the gods, you seek evil;
- Against the gods, my fathers, you have confirmed your wickedness.
- Though you have drawn up your forces, readied your weapons,
- Stand alone, that I and you may meet in single combat!”
- When Tiamat head this,
- She was like one possessed; she took leave of her senses.
- In fury Tiamat cried out aloud.
- To the roots of her legs shook both together.
- She recites a charm, keeps casting her spell,
- While the gods of battle sharpen their weapons.
- Tiamat and Mardulc, wisest of gods then joined battle,
- They strove in single combat, locked in conflict.
- The lord spread out his net to enfold her,
- He let loose in her face The Evil Wind, which followed behind.
- When Tiamat opened her mouth to consume him,
- He drove in the Evil Wind and she could not dose her lips.
- As the fierce winds encumbered her belly,
- Her body was distended and her mouth was wide open.
- He released an arrow, it tore her belly,
- It cut through her insides, splitting her heart.
- Having subdued her, he blotted out her life.
- He threw down her carcass and stood upon it.
- After he had slain Tiamat, the leader,
- Her band was shattered, her troupe broken up; Tiamat’s new husband and general.
- And her helpers, the gods who marched at her side,
- Trembled with terror and turned their backs,
- In order to save and preserve their lives.
- Encirded tightly, they could not escape.
- He made them captives and he smashed their weapons.
- They found themselves ensnared in the net;
- Thrown into cells, they were filled with wailing;
- Bearing his wrath, they were held imprisoned.
- And the eleven creatures which she had charged with awe,
- The band of demons that marched before her,
- He cast into fetters, their hands [. . .].
- For all their resistance, he trampled them underfoot.
- And Kingu, who had been made chief among them,
- He bound and accounted him to Uggae.
- He took from him the Tables of Fate, not rightfully his,
- Sealed them with a seal and fastened them on his own breast.
- When he had vanquished and subdued his adversaries,
- Had [. . .] the vainglorious foe,
- Had wholly established Anshar’s triumph over the foe,
- Nudimmud’s desire had achieved, valiant Marduk
- Strengthened his hold on the vanquished gods,
- And turned back to Tiamat whom he had bound.
- The lord trampled on the legs of Tiamat,
- With his unsparing mace he crushed her skull.
- When the arteries of her blood he had severed,
- The North Wind bore it to places undisclosed.
- On seeing this, his fathers were joyful and jubilant,
- They brought gifts of homage to him.
- Then the lord paused to view her dead body,
- That he might divide the monster and do artful works.
- He split her like a shellfish into two parts:
- Half of her he sat up as the ceiling of the sky,
- He pulled down the bar and posted guards.
- He ordered them not to allow her waters to escape.
- He crossed the heavens and surveyed the regions.
- He squared Apsu’s quarter, the abode of Nudimmud,
- As the lord measured the dimensions of Apsu.
- The Great Abode, its likeness, he fixed as Esharra,
- The Great Abode, Esharra, which he made the firmament.
- Anu, Enlil, and Ea he made occupy their places.
- He constructed stations for the gods,
- Aligning their astral likenesses as constellations.
- He determined the year by assigning the zones:
- He set up three constellations for each of the twelve months.
- After defining the days of the years by means of astrological figures,
- He founded the station of Nebiru to determine their divine bands,
- That none might transgress or fall short.
- Alongside it he set up the stations of Enlil and Ea.
- Having opened up the gates on both sides,
- He strengthened the locks to the left and the right.
- In her belly he established the zenith.
- The moon he caused to shine, the night to him entrusting.
- He appointed him a creature of the night to signify the days:
- “Monthly, without cease, from designs with a crown.
- At the month’s very start, rising over the land,
- You shall have luminous horns to signify six days,
- On the seventh day reaching a half-crown.
- At full moon stand in opposition in mid-month.
- When the sun overtakes you at the base of heaven,
- Diminish your crown and retrogress in light.
- At the time of disappearance approach you the course of the sun,
- And on the twenty-ninth you again stand in opposition to the sun.”
- Snippet from CSUN (out-of-place translation)
- “It was Kingu who contrived the uprising,
- And caused Tiamat to rebel, and join battle”
- They bound him, holding him before Ea.
- They imposed on him his guilt and severed his blood vessels.
- Out of his blood they fashioned humankind.
- He you sat down rejoicing, imposed upon it the service and let free the gods.
- After Ea, the wise, had created humankind,
- Had imposed upon it the service of the gods—
- That toil was beyond human comprehension;
- As artfully planned by Marduk, did Nudimmud create it
- Marduk, the king of the gods divided
- All the Anunnaki above and below.
- He assigned them to Anu to guard his instructions.
- Three hundred in the heavens he stationed as a guard.
- ↑ King, Leonard W. The Seven Tablets of Creation, The Fourth Tablet (1902)
- ↑ California State University, The Enuma Elish (PDF) (short version)
- ↑ That is, has the authority of Anu, who was formerly the chief god.—CSUN, p.10, note 10
- ↑ This expression is taken from the shedding of blood, which was considered by the Babylonians to be the basis of life.—CSUN, p.10, note 11
- ↑ [. . .] represents a fragment of the text which has been lost—CSUN, p.10, note 12
- ↑ The following lines divide Tiamat’s forces into three categories: (1) the gods who had gone over to Tiamat, (2) the eleven kinds of monsters which Tiamat had created, and Kingu, —CSUN, p.10, note 13
- ↑ The god of death.—CSUN, p.10, note 14
- ↑ Poetic name for the earth, which the Babylonians visualized as the dome of Apsu.—CSUN, p.10, note 15
- ↑ The planet Jupiter.—CSUN, p.10, note 16
- ↑ The gates of East and West through which the sun was believed to pass.—CSUN, p.10, note 17
- ↑ Ea—CSUN, p.10, note 18
- ↑ Here Anunnaki refers to the underworld gods.—CSUN, p.10, note 19